On the initiative of the World Hypertension League (WHL), every year the 17th of May is dedicated to the World Hypertension Day (WHD) in order to promote public awareness of hypertension and to encourage citizens worldwide to prevent and control this ''silent killer''.
According to the latest data, around 37 percent of the population in Croatia has elevated blood pressure, i.e. every third adult has arterial blood pressure higher than 140/90. Experts are most worried about the growing frequency of hypertension when it comes to children and adolescents.
Hypertension is considered the number one killer disease in the world today, whilst cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in almost all countries worldwide. In Croatia, cardiovascular diseases caused death of almost 26,000 people in 2015.
The data also show that 60 percent of Croatian citizens with hypertension are being treated with medicines, i.e. they receive recommendations and medical prescriptions for high-pressure drugs. However, ''the pressure control is achieved only in 20 percent of patients'', commented Bojan Jelakovic, the president of the Croatian Society for Hypertension.
The causes of hypertension are obesity, a lack of body activity, an excessive salt intake, alcohol, smoking, as well as diabetes and kidney damage.