On this day, the 31st of January, in 1808 the Republic of Dubrovnik was disbanded with the annexation by the French armies.
The French General Auguste de Marmont without the approval of Napoleon abolished the Republic of Dubrovnik’s government and senate therefore abolished the independence of Dubrovnik. At the same time Marmont was awarded the title of Duke of Dubrovnik.
After the abolition of the Republic of Dubrovnik in 1808 the Dubrovnik region was under the rule of Napoleon's Italian Kingdom. And from 1810 to 1814 it was incorporated into the French Illyrian provinces. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 the area of the former Republic of Dubrovnik was placed into the Habsburg Empire in which it remained until 1918.